Zimmer M, Ajonina GN, Amir AA, Cragg S, Crooks S, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Duke N, Fratini S, Friess DA, Helfer V, Huxham M, Kathiresan K, Kodikara KAS, Koedam N, Lee SY, Mangora MM, Primavera J, Satyanarayana B, Yong JWH, Wodehouse D. 2022. When nature needs a helping hand: different levels of human intervention for mangrove (re-)establishment. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 5: 784322 (doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2022.784322)

Zimmer M, Helfer V. 2022. Mangrove forests – a nature-based solution for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Rural21 56: 23-25.

Books & Chapters:

Zimmer M. 2022. Mangrove Forests: Structure, Diversity, Ecosystem Processes and Threats. In: Junk W, Wittman F (eds). Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, Second Edition. Elsevier. 116-127. (doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-819166-8.00149-3)



Albrecht OT, Glaser M, Zimmer M. 2021. Are crab-collectors in mangroves of Northern Brazil (PA) optimal foragers? Wetlands 41: 91-99 (doi.org/10.1007/s13157-021-01488-5)

Quadros AF, Helfer V, Nordhaus I, Reuter H, Zimmer M. 2021. Functional traits of terrestrial plants in the intertidal: A review on mangrove trees. Biological Bulletin (doi.org/10.1086/716510).

Zimmer M, Kimeli A. 2021. Mangroven als Sedimentfallen und Küstenschützer. Geographische Rundschau 7/8: 26-31.

Rahman MM, Zimmer M, Ahmed I, Donato D, Kanzaki M, Xu M. 2021. Co-benefits of protecting mangroves for biodiversity conservation and carbon storage. Nature Communications 12: 3875 (doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-24207-4)

Seer F, Putze G, Pennings SC, Zimmer M. 2021. Drivers of litter mass loss and faunal composition of detritus patches change over time. Ecology & Evolution 11: 9642-9651 (doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7787)

Forgeron SJ, Quadros AF, Zimmer M. 2021. Crab-driven processing does not explain leaf litter-deposition in mangrove crab burrows. Ecology & Evolution 11: 8856-8862 (doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7718)

Gutting R, Syrbe R-U, Grunewald K, Mehlig U, Helfer V, Zimmer M. 2021. The benefits of combining global and local data – a showcase for valuation and mapping of mangrove climate regulation and food provisioning services within a protected area in Pará, North Brazil. Land 10: 432 (doi.org/10.3390/land1004043)

Pradisty NA, Amir AA, Zimmer M. 2021. Plant species‑ and stage‑specific differences in microbial decay of mangrove leaf litter: the older the better? Oecologia 195: 843-858 (doi.org/10.1007/s00442-021-04865-3)

Books & Chapters:

Zimmer M. 2021. Der Schutz von Mangroven und Küstenvegetation wirkt dem Klimawandel entgegen. In: Lozán JL, Breckle S-W, Graßl H, Kasang D (Eds). Warnsignal Klima: Boden & Landnutzung: 295-301 (DOI:1 0.25592/warnsignal.klima.boden-landnutzung.49)


Ragavan P, Kathiresan K, Zimmer M, Zhou R, Amir AA, Mohan PM, Rana TS. 2020. Three decades of global mangrove conservation – An overview. Malayan Nature Journal 72(4): 551-576.

Dahdouh-Guebas F, Ajonina GN, Amir AA, Andradi-Brown DA, Aziz I, Balke T, Barbier EB, Cannicci S, Cragg SM, Cunha-Lignon M, Curnick DJ, Duarte CM, Duke NC, Endsor C, Fratini S, Feller IC, Fromard F, Hugé J, Huxham M, Kairo JG, Kajita T, Kathiresan K, Koedam N, Lee SY, Lin H-J, Mackenzie JR, Mangora MM, Marchand C, Meziane T, Minchinton TE, Pettorelli N, Polanía J, Polgar G, Poti M, Primavera J, Quarto A, Rog SM, Satyanarayana B, Schaeffer-Novelli Y, Spalding M, Van der Stocken T, Wodehouse D, Yong JWH, Zimmer M, Friess DA. 2020. Public perceptions of mangrove forests matter for their conservation. Frontiers in Marine Sciences 7: 603651. (doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.603651)

Allard SM, Costa MT, Bulseco AN, Helfer V, Wilkins LGE, Hassenrück C,Zengler K, Zimmer M, Erazo N, Mazza Rodrigues JL, Duke N, Melo VMM, Vanwonterghem I, Junca H, Makonde HM, Jiménez DJ, Tavares TCL, Fusi M, Daffonchio D, Duarte CM, Peixoto RS, Rosado AS, Gilbert JA, Bowman J. 2020. Introducing the Mangrove Microbiome Initiative: Identifying microbial research priorities and approaches to better understand, protect, and rehabilitate mangrove ecosystems. mSystems 5(5): e00658-20. (doi.org/10.1128/mSystems.00658-20)

Perdomo Trujillo LV, Mançera Pineda JE, Medina Calderon JH, Zimmer M, Schnetter M-L. 2020. Massive loss of aboveground biomass and its effect on sediment organic carbon concentration: Less mangrove, more carbon? Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science: doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106888.

Saavedra-Hortua DA, Friess DA, Zimmer M, Gillis LG. 2020. Sources of particulate organic matter across mangrove forests and adjacent ecosystems in different geomorphic settings. Wetlands: Wetlands 40: 1047-1059. (doi.org/10.1007/s13157-019-01261-9.)

Khan WR, Nazre M, Zulkifli SZ, Mohamad Roslan MK, Zimmer M. 2020. Risk assessment of heavy metal concentrations in sediments of Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve (MMFR). Tropical Conservation Science (in press).

Books & Chapters:

Le Minor M, Zimmer M, Helfer V, Gillis LG, Huhn K. 2020. Flow and sediment dynamics around structures in mangrove ecosystems – a modeling perspective. In: Sidik F, Friess D (Eds). Dynamic sedimentary environments of mangrove coasts. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: 83-120.

Zimmer M, Helfer V. 2020. Quantity and quality of organic matter in mangrove sediments. In: Sidik F, Friess D (Eds). Dynamic sedimentary environments of mangrove coasts. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: 369-391.

Graça MAS, Zimmer M. 2020. Physical litter properties: leaf toughness and tensile strength. In: Bärlocher F, Gessner MO, Graça MAS (Eds). Methods to study litter decomposition – a practicle guide 2nd edition. Springer: 187-193.

Zimmer M. 2020. Cellulases. In: Bärlocher F, Gessner MO, Graça MAS (Eds). Methods to study litter decomposition – a practicle guide 2nd edition. Springer: 397-403.

Zimmer M. 2020. Phenol oxidation. In: Bärlocher F, Gessner MO, Graça MAS (Eds). Methods to study litter decomposition – a practicle guide 2nd edition. Springer: 433-437.


Ito M, Scotti M, Franz M, Barboza FR, Buchhlz B, Zimmer M, Gy-Haim T, Wahl M. 2019. Effects of temperature on carbon circulation in macroalgal food webs are mediated by herbivores. Marine Biology 166: 158-168.

Gillis LG, Hortua DAS, Zimmer M, Jennerjahn TC, Herbeck LS. 2019. Interactive effects of temperature and nutrients on mangrove seedling growth and implications for establishment. Marine Environmental Research (online first: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2019.104750)

Curnick DJ, Pettorelli N, Amir AA, Balke T, Barbier EB, Crooks S, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Duncan C, Endsor C, Friess DA, Quarto A, Zimmer M, Lee SY. 2019. The value of small mangrove patches. Science 363 (6424): 239.

Gillis LG, Snavely E, Lovelock C, Zimmer M. 2019. Effects of crab burrows on sediment characteristics in a Ceriops australis-dominated mangrove forest. Estuarine Coastal & Shelf Science 218: 334-339.

Quadros AF, Nordhaus I, Reuter H, Zimmer M. 2019. Modelling of mangrove annual leaf litterfall with emphasis on the role of vegetation structure. Estuarine Coastal & Shelf Science 218: 292-299.

Le Minor M, Bartzke G, Zimmer M, Gillis LG, Helfer V, Huhn K. 2019. Numerical modelling of hydraulics and sediment dynamics around mangrove seedlings: Implications for mangrove establishment and reforestation. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 217: 81-95.

Aljbour SM, Zimmer M, Al-Horani FA, Kunzmann A. 2019. Metabolic and oxidative stress responses of the jellyfish Cassiopea sp.to changes in seawater temperature. Journal of Sea Research 145: 1-7.


Books & Chapters:

Zimmer M. 2019. Detritus. In: Jorgensen SE, Fath BD (ed). Encyclopedia of Ecology 2nd edition, Volume 3. Elsevier: 292-301.


Khan WR, Nazre M, Zulkifli SZ, Kudus KA, Zimmer M,  Roslan MK, Mukhtar A, Mostapa R, Gandaseca S. 2018. Reflection of stable isotopes and selected elements with the inundation gradient at the Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve (MMFR), Malaysia. International Forestry Review 19 (S3): 1-10.

Vierus T, Gehrig S, Brunnschweiler JM, Glaus K, Zimmer M, Marie AD, Rico C. 2018. Discovery of a multispecies shark aggregation and parturition area in the Ba Estuary, Fiji Islands. Ecology & Evolution: 10.1002/ece3.4230

Faber J, Quadros AF, Zimmer M. 2018. A space-for-time approach to study the effects of increasing temperature on leaf litter decomposition under natual conditions. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 123: 250-256.

Quadros AF, Zimmer M. 2018. Aboveground macrodetritivores and belowground soil processes: insights on species redundancy. Applied Soil Ecology 124: 83-87.


Books & Chapters:

Zimmer M. 2018. Alike but distinct: mangrove forests worldwide. In: Hempel G, Hempel I, Hornidge A.K (eds). Scientific partnersip for a better future: Bremen’s research along tropical coasts. Edition Falkenberg. 76-79.

Helfer V, Zimmer M. 2018. High-throughput techniques as support for knowledge-based spatial conservation prioritization in mangrove ecosystems. In: Makowski C, Finkl CW (eds). Threats to Mangrove Forests: Hazards, Vulnerability and Management. Springer: 539-554.

Zimmer M. 2018. Ecosystem Design: when mangrove ecology meets human needs. In: Makowski C, Finkl CW (eds). Threats to Mangrove Forests: Hazards, Vulnerability and Management. Springer: 367-376.


Quadros AF, Zimmer M. 2017. Dataset of “true mangroves” plant species traits. Biodiversity Data Journal 5: e22089. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.5.e22089

Jelassi R, Khemaissia H, Zimmer M, Garbe-Schönberg D, Nasri-Ammar K. 2017. Influence of environmental conditions on the distribution of Amphipoda, Talitridae, in the lagoon complex of Ghar El Melh (north-east Tunisia). African Journal of Ecology 55: 451-464.

Al-jbour SM, Zimmer M, Kunzmann A. 2017. Cellular respiration, oxygen consumption, and trade-offs of the jellyfish Cassiopea sp. in response to temperature change. Journal of Sea Research 128: 92-97.

Bakkar T, Helfer V, Himmelsbach R, Zimmer M. 2017. Chemical changes in detrital matter upon digestive processes in a sesarmid crab feeding on mangrove leaf litter. Hydrobiologia 803: 307-315.

Pestana DF, Pülmanns N, Nordhaus I, Diele K, Zimmer M. 2017. The influence of crab burrows on sediment salinity in a Rhizophora-dominated mangrove forest in North Brazil during the dry season. Hydrobiologia 803: 295-305.

Eisenhauer N, Antunes PM, Bennett AE, Birkhofer K, Bissett A, Bowker MA, Caruso T, Chen B, Coleman DC, de Boer W, de Ruiter P, DeLuca TH, Frati F, Griffiths BS, Hart MM, Hättenschwiler S, Haimi J, Heethoff M, Kaneko N, Kelly LC, Leinaas HP, Lindo Z, Macdonald C, Rillig MC, Ruess L, Scheu S, Schmidt O, Seastedt TR, van Straalen NM, Tiunov AV, Zimmer M, Powell JR. 2017. Priorities for research in soil ecology. Pedobiologia 63: 1-7.

Belshe EF, Matteo MA, Gillis LG, Zimmer M, Teichberg M. 2017. Muddy waters: Unintentional consequences of blue carbon research obscure our understanding of organic carbon dynamics in seagrass ecosystems. Frontiers in Marine Sciences 4: 125.


Books & Chapters:

Saint-Paul U, Zimmer M. 2017. Mangroven – Wälder zwischen Land und Meer. In: Hempel G, Bischof K, Hagen W (Eds). Faszination Meeresforschung. Springer-Verlag. 291-302.

Zimmer M. 2017. Mangrovenwälder weltweit. In: Hempel G, Hempel I, Hornidge A-K (eds). Klüger nutzen – besser schützen: Bremer Forschung an tropischen Küsten. Edition Falkenberg. 130-133.


Bouchon D, Zimmer M, Dittmer J.2016. The terrestrial isopod microbiome: an all-in-one toolbox for animal-microbe interactions of ecological relevance. Frontiers in Microbiology: doi:10.3389/fmicb.2016.01472

Gillis LG, Zimmer M, Bouma TJ. 2016. Mangrove leaf transportation: Do mimic Avicennia and Rhizophora roots retain or donate leaves? Marine Ecology Progress Series 551: 107-115.

Vermeiren P, Munoz C, Zimmer M, Sheaves M. 2016. Hierarchical toolbox: Ensuring scientific accuracy of citizen science for tropical coastal ecosystems. Ecological Indicators 66: 242-250.

Books & Chapters:

Zimmer M, Helfer V. 2016. Biodiversität, Ökosystemprozesse und Ökosystemleistungen. In: Lozán JL, Breckle S-W, Müller R, Rachor E (Eds). Warnsignal Klima: Die Biodiversität. Verlag Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen. 297-302.

Quadros AF, Zimmer M. 2016. Terrestrial Isopods. – in: Global Soil Biodiversity Initiative (eds) Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas.


Sanaei Moghadam F, Zimmer M. 2015. Effects of warming, nutrient enrichment and detritivore presence on litter breakdown and associated microbial decomposers in a simulated temperate woodland creek. Hydrobiologia DOI: 10.1007/s10750-015-2596-3

Cragg SM, Beckham GT, Bruce NC, Bugg TDH, Distel DL, Dupree P, Green Etxabe A, Goodell BS, Jellison J, McGeehan JE, McQueen-Mason SJ, Schnorr K, Walton PH, Watts JEM, Zimmer M. 2015. Lignocellulose degradation mechanisms across the Tree of Life. Current Opinion in Chemical Biology 29: 108-119.

Hübner L, Pennings SC, Zimmer M. 2015. Sex- and habitat-specific movement of an omnivorous semi-terrestrial crab controls habitat connectivity and subsidies: A multi-parameter approach. Oecologia 178: 999-1015.

Hammann S, Moss A, Zimmer M. 2015. Sterile surfaces in Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophora) in bacterial suspension – a key to invasion success? Open Journal of Marine Science 5: 237.

Jelassi R, Khemaissia H, Zimmer M, Garbe-Schönberg D, Nasri-Ammar K. 2015. Biodiversity of the Talitridae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) in some Tunisian coastal lagoons. Zoological Studies 54: 17.

Quadros AF, Zimmer M, Araujo PB, Kray JG. 2015. Litter traits and palatability to detritivores: a case study across biogeographical boundaries. Nauplius 22: 103-111.


Sanaei Moghadam F, Zimmer M. 2014. Effects of warming and nutrient enrichment on how grazing pressure affects leaf litter-colonizing bacteria. J Environ Qual (doi: 10.2134/jeq2013.12.0503)

Hammann S, Zimmer M. 2014. Wind-driven dynamics of beach-cast wrack in a tide-free system. O J Mar Sci 4: 68-79.

Mattila JM, Zimmer M, Vesakoski O, Jormalainen V. 2014. Habitat-specific gut microbiota of the marine herbivore Idotea balthica (Isopoda). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 455: 22-28.

Wood C, Zimmer M. 2014. Can terrestrial isopods (Isopoda: Oniscidea) make use of biodegradable plastics? Appl Soil Ecol 77: 72-79.

Zimmer M, Auge H, von Wühlisch G, Schueler S, Haase J. 2014Environment rather than genetic background explains intraspecific variation in the protein-precipitating capacity of phenolic compounds in beech litter. Plant Ecol Div 7 (DOI: 10.1080/17550874.2013.871655)


Books & Chapters:

Zimmer M, Hammann S. 2014. Detritus-feeders. – in: Watling L, Thiel M (eds) Life styles and feeding biology (Volume 2 in the Series The Natural History of the Crustacea). Oxford University Press: New York. 479-501.